Non-Surgical Periodontitis Treatment
Early-stage and moderate periodontitis are relatively easy to treat with improved personal oral hygiene and a good dental cleaning by your dentist DDS, DMD or dental hygienist. Other non-surgical periodontitis treatment options include:
Scaling -- The scaling procedure requires a special instrument to remove the tartar and bacteria from tooth surfaces and below the gumline.
Root Planing -- During this procedure, the root surfaces of teeth are smoothed down to prevent the build up of tartar.
Antibiotics -- Many dentists and periodontists are using topical and oral antibiotics to control the infection responsible for periodontitis.
Surgical Periodontitis Treatment
Advanced periodontitis is a significantly more serious dental problem requiring the specialized skills of a periodontist or oral surgeon. Frequently performed surgical periodontitis treatment options include:
Pocket Reduction Procedure -- Also known as flap surgery, this periodontitis treatment involves making tiny incisions in the gum so that a section of tissue can be lifted back to expose the roots. This enables more effective scaling and planning, and, if necessary, recontouring of the bone. The gum tissue is then sutured back in place.
Soft Tissue Graft -- Receding gum tissue caused by periodontitis makes teeth appear abnormally long. This procedure corrects the condition by grafting a small amount of palate tissue to the affected area. This will both improve the gum's appearance and reduce further recession.
Bone Graft -- This periodontitis treatment is used when the bone surrounding a tooth's root has been destroyed. A graft consisting of small fragments of synthetic or donated bone is made to hold a tooth in place and to create a platform for new bone growth.
Crown Lengthening -- Typically a procedure to correct "gummy smiles," crown lengthening involves the removal of gum tissue, bone or both to expose more of a tooth's structure. It is sometimes used as a periodontitis treatment to reduce oral infections related to the irritation caused by ill-fitting dental restorations.
Worried That You May Have Periodontitis?
If you suspect that you have early, moderate or advanced periodontitis, don't waste time guessing -- talk to your dentist.